Jodhpur is the second largest city of the state of Rajasthan. It has been drawing the attention of tourists from all over the world. Standing as the sentinel of the country's western border, Jodhpur is famous for its magnificent forts and palaces.
Western Rajasthan, India
One of the cities of the Desert triangle
October To March
Hindi, English, Marwari
Distance From Jaisalmer:
Distance From Bikaner:
Distance From Jaipur:
Distance From New Delhi:
The land of this fort, Jodhpur, is no less legendary with its folklores full of
tales of valor and romance. Umaid Bhawan Palace, the residence of the royal
family turned into a heritage hotel, is undoubtedly the gem of Jodhpur and is
the largest personal residence besides being one of the best art-deco buildings
of India. Pale blue seems to be shade of the city as suggested by its palaces,
havelis, temples and houses. The warm hospitality and friendliness of the hardy
desert people, the pulsating rustling environments of the crowded bazaars, all
are undermined in front of the sheer immensity of the Mehrangarh fort.
The Suryavanshi Rao Jodha founded Jodhpur, the erstwhile capital of Marwar. In
medieval times, Jodhpur lay on the trade routes between Central Asia and the
ports of Gujarat, and thus, was a major trade centre during the 16th century.
Even today, it continues to be known for its textiles and crafts. One can feel
the medieval flavor and ambience that forms a part of the culture of the city.
Jodhpur has extreme climatic conditions and scanty and erratic rainfall, which
averages just 32 cm annually. The summer temperature ranges from 20ºC to 49ºC
while the winter temperature ranges from 5ºC to somewhere in the mid twenties.
HOW TO REACH
By Air: Jodhpur is well connected by flights from New Delhi, Mumbai,
Udaipur, Jaisalmer and Jaipur. The Jaisalmer Airport is in the cantonment area,
and is managed by the Indian Air Force.
By Train: Jodhpur is well connected by trains to all the major cities of
India and hence, there is immense pressure for bookings here. The most
sought-after are Jodhpur-Jaipur Intercity Express, Jodhpur-Kota Express, and
Jodhpur-Bikaner Passenger. It is advisable to us the special quota reserved for
tourists. Foreign tourists may seek help from The International Tourist Bureau
at the Railway Station.
By Road: Smooth network of roads and luxury coaches link Jaisalmer to all
the major cities of Rajasthan such as Bikaner, Jaipur and Jaisalmer. The main
Bus Stand is situated in the city center.
WHERE TO EAT
Most of the Jodhpur's delicacies and eating joints form a part and parcel of the
hotels themselves where you can pamper yourself with the fiery and aromatic
Rajasthani cuisine. The famous 'kachouri' with piquant tamarind 'chutney' is the
hot favorite. The palatable 'laddoos' and tall glasses of refreshing and cool
'lassi' are just the perfect desserts to have after the spicy Rajasthani food.
FAIRS AND FESTIVALS
Marwar Festival is a two-day festival held in October in Jodhpur on the
full moon night or 'Sharad Purnima'. Formerly known as the 'Maand Festival',
this annual event showcases the art and culture of Jodhpur and is devoted
exclusively to songs and dance of the Marwar region. 'Maand' is a classical
style of folk music that focuses on the romance and chivalry of the rulers of
Rajasthan. The high-spirited folk dancers gathered here, perform with passion
and amuse the audience with Rajasthani legends. These folk performers bring to
life the myth and folklores of the region and sing songs in remembrance of the
valiant heroes. Horse riding, horse polo and variety of competitions are also
feature in the festival.
A must buy in Jodhpur is leheriya saree or tie and dye textiles and a pair of
camel leather 'jootis'. Jodhpur is also known for its lacquerware, puppets,
antiques and carpets. If you love to cook, this is the place you should search
for all the magical Indian spices that you will simply love. The market in Umaid
Bhavan is a good place to buy antiques from. However, if you want to visit a
market place where you can buy everything at once, then Sadar Bazaar is a good
place to shop.
WHAT TO WEAR
The most appropriate outfits to wear in Jodhpur include loose cotton clothes in
summer and heavy woolen clothes to keep you warm in winter. Use a hat or a scarf
as a head covering and drink lots of water to avoid heat strokes. It will be
advisable to wear comfortable footwear, as you will have to walk a lot here
while sightseeing. Sunscreens are not to be forgotten to save yourself from
sunburns you may get from the scorching hot desert sun in summers.
Forts & Palaces
The unconquerable Rao Jodha built this impenetrable fort, which is certainly one
of the best in India, on a vertical hill with a breathtaking view of the
surroundings. The fort has elaborate latticed windows, intricately carved panels
and gracefully curved porches.
Every part of the fort has a distinctive appeal, the Moti Mahal, Phool Mahal,
Sheesh Mahal, Sileh Khana and Daulat Khana all add to the distinct ambience of
the fort. High on the wall, is the second largest cannon in Asia, whose recoil
itself requires as large an area as a football field!
As you keep wondering over the magnificence of the fort, don't forget to explore
the museum shop that displays some of the best handicrafts, books and literature
including some unique products like 'Pea Pulao Poster'. Fort
Umaid Bhawan Palace
This flamboyant palace was built in the 20th century as a famine relief project,
with a purpose to give employment to the people for a long period of 16 years. A
remarkable art-deco construction, Umaid Bhawan is resplendently maintained and
one of the most impressive sights in Jodhpur. The museum within is a genuine
treasure showcase of mementos displaying the royal history of Jodhpur from
clocks and tea sets to paintings and royal costumes. The palace has now been
converted into a heritage hotel, though it is still a royal residence in part.
The museum is open to visitors for a chosen entry fee and is closed on Mondays.
The white marble marvel, this 19th century cenotaph was built close to the fort
complex, in memorial of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. Exceptional portraits of
Jodhpur's precedent rulers are also exhibited here. Particularly captivating are
the intricate latticework and the elaborate carving on the doors. The garden and
water tank in front of the cenotaph are superb and heighten the tranquillity of
This pleasing gateway is 65 km away from Jodhpur, formerly known as 'Ukeshpur'.
Osian is a large centre of Brahmanical and Jain temples, which dates back at a
span of five centuries. The Sun Temple is the most venerated and the oldest
temple amongst them. To our surprise, most of these temples face in the west
direction. Moreover, there are the Mahavira Temple and the three Vishnu temples
that are worth visiting.
Situated 8 km from the city, Mandore was the former capital of Marwar before
Jodhpur. The old cenotaphs of the Rathore rulers are the main attractions here
along with the rocky caves, which once were a roof to homeless ascetics. Sixteen
deities are carved out of the rock face that are slightly dazzlingly presented
in a place adjacent to a temple within the complex. The deftly landscaped
gardens are crowded with an array of birds and small animals. The luxuriant
foliage set to music against the rippling fountains truly presents a picturesque
10 km from Jodhpur lays the imperial retreat of Jhalamand. The 18th century
palace is set amidst serene surroundings and is a perfect getaway. One can take
a walk of the village or choose for the safaris here.
Mahamandir and Balsamand Lake
Mahamandir is 4 km northeast of the city. An old town surrounded by walls, it
was built in 1812, which features the hundred-pillared Shiva temple. Just 3 km
away is Balsamand, an artificial lake with a summer palace on its banks, a
public park and bird sanctuary that makes it a perfect model for a peaceful
reprieve. The palace has now been converted into a hotel.
66 km of postcard-perfect beauty and passing sights of Bishnoi villages (the
Bishnois are the oldest conservationists in India) brings one to the hunting
chalet of the regal family, which has now been converted into a hotel. The rooms
though not lavish are open and have unpretentious interiors. Their old-worldly
dwellings and the sight of the lovely Black Buck acts as an overture to the
revelation of the calm waters of Sardar Samand Lake.